One of the best ways to give your home that well-overdue makeover is with a lick of fresh paint. Interior painting is simple to do when you know how to go about it. If you follow these handy tips, you will know exactly how to do interior painting just like the professionals.The great news is that you do not need to employ the professionals to come in and paint your home. You can easily learn how to do interior painting yourself. Here is what you need to do in order to avoid the patches of uneven paint on your walls:
Prep the wall beforehand: Before you can begin painting your walls, you need to make sure that they are smooth and that they do not have any existing substances on them, such as wallpaper. This may mean that you need to sand down the walls and fill in any existing holes and cracks.
Prime your walls: Before painting the wall the final colour that you want it to be, make sure that you prime it. Primer will create a layer on your wall that will make it as smooth as possible. This will stop the final layer of paint from blistering or bubbling. Some professional painters will even use the final colour to tint the primer slightly. This will help to give you a more vibrant colour once you have finished the paint job.
Protect your flooring and border: Before you start painting, you need to make sure that you move out all of the furniture and cover the floor with a protective fabric. This can either be plastic or canvas. You will also need to place masking tape around the borders and electrical sockets so that they do not get accidentally splattered with paint.
Invest in proper equipment: When painting your walls, you need to make sure that you have the correct equipment. This will include paint brushes, paint trays and paint rollers. Depending on the height of the wall that you are painting, you may need to invest in an extension pole. This can be added to your paint rollers so that you can reach all areas.
Dress appropriately: When painting, you want to make sure that your clothes are properly protected. Make sure to wear old clothes that you do not mind getting covered in paint. No matter how careful you are, you are going to end up with paint on at least one part of your clothing.
Pack up properly: Once you have finished painting for the day, remember to seal all of the paint tins properly. If you forget this all-important step, the paint might dry out. You will also need to clean all of the equipment that you used in order to ensure that it remains in tip top condition.
Painting your own walls can be a fun experience that can involve the whole family. It is also a far more cost effective way of approaching a home make over.
Who was Paul Signac?Paul Signac was an Impressionist painter who, along with Georges Seurac, developed pointillism. Pointillism is a painting technique whereby thousands of tiny dots of pure colour are applied to a canvas very close to one another. One of the main ideas behind pointillism is to use only two to three colours of dots in a particular area. The basic idea behind pointillism is that your mind and eye blend the different-coloured dots together to create the image when viewed from a distance. There is no set subject matter – pointillism is all about the technique.Have a look at his paintingsTo understand just how pointillism works, take a look at some of Signac’s most famous works. Some of these include The Dining Room (1886-87), Sunday (1888-90) and The Women at the Well (1892) among many others. The Dining Room depicts a Parisian family at the dining table having breakfast, while Sunday depicts a typical Parisian couple at home on a Sunday morning. The Women at the Well is a seascape painting which shows two women working at a well, with the sea in the background.Subject matterIt is important to understand that Signac’s style is all about technique. The subject matter can be whatever you want it to be. Signac painted many landscapes, seascapes and paintings depicting daily life. He also did some more abstract paintings, such as Portrait of Félix Fénéon. This particular painting depicts Félix with an abstract background consisting of swirling patterns with loads of different colours. There is no limit to what the subject matter can be – it’s entirely up to you.The size of the dotsWhen you look at these paintings closely, you’ll see how they’re composed of thousands of tiny dots. The effect created by this particular style of painting is really quite marvellous. The dots blend together to form a cohesive image. Some of Signac’s paintings, such as Sunday, have clearly defined areas and there are lines clearly separating one area of colour from another. Take a look at Capo di Noli and you’ll see the lines aren’t as clearly defined. The effect is still the same when viewed from a distance, but Capo di Noli was painted with much larger, more noticeable dots. The different colours that make up a particular area are a lot more noticeable.Line definition and coloursSome pointillist paintings such as Sunday have two or three colours in one particular area. This helps create more clearly defined areas of the painting. Compare The Papal Palace, Avignon to Sunday to see how differently colours are used. Notice how The Papal Palace, Avignon doesn’t have clearly defined areas and colours – take a look at the water and notice how loose the reflection of the palace is. Now look at Sunday to see how clearly defined all of the lines and different areas of the painting area.Colour theoryBefore you get started, you should understand the basics of colour theory and the colour wheel. The whole point of pointillism is letting the mind create new colour by fusing two colours that are on the canvas. So, for example, if there are red and blue dots, from a distance these will blend together to form purple dots. If you’re creating a primary colour on the canvas, simply use dots of that colour. If you’re creating a secondary or tertiary colour, use different coloured dots that will blend together to form the colour you want from a distance.Paintbrushes and coloursFirst you should decide whether you are going to have small or large dots. Then buy a paintbrush that corresponds with the size of your dots. A round point brush should work just fine for doing a pointillist painting. As for colours, having a lighter and a darker shade of each primary colour is a great start. For pointillist paintings, you shouldn’t need black paint because black and shadows can be easily created by using other colours, such as blue and darker shades of colours.Getting startedDo a light sketch of your image on the canvas. Load your palette up with your white, the three primary colours and any extra shades you want, but make sure they don’t mix. Start applying dots to the canvas, but try to do one colour at a time and always thoroughly wash your brush in between colours. Apply dots densely if the colour is the main component of that part of the image and apply them lightly if the colour is only a minor component of that part of the image. Make sure the paint doesn’t mix on the canvas and only use a single layer of paint.Is it OK to overlap dots?It’s OK to overlap dots or have them barely touching, but remember that pointillist paintings lack depth and texture. If you have too many dots overlapping, especially if the dots are large, the painting’s going to appear to have more density and texture than the typical pointillist painting should have. This density will give the painting less of a brilliant effect, which is a characteristic of pointillist paintings. The more overlapping dots there are, the less merging of colours there will be. The occasional overlapping dots shouldn’t create too many problems, but try to avoid them if you want a painting in the classic pointillist style.General tipsThe act of applying thousands of small dots to a canvas can be monotonous, time-consuming and quite tedious. Take a break every so often to refresh your mind and relax your painting hand. When painting a pointillist painting it is very important to keep stepping back to see how the painting looks. When you look at your painting up close, you should see nothing but dots. You have to keep stepping back so you can keep track of exactly what it is you’re painting. Before you get started on your painting, practice on a spare bit of canvas or paper so you can see how the pointillist technique works. It may take a while for you to get the hang of this different technique, but it’s definitely worth trying out.
When it comes to execution, back office operations are a crucial part of any organization. Travel agents are often seen balancing and memorizing the clients and the revenues over the month. For travel agents and agencies, identifying and extracting manual activities are a challenging task due to the nature of well integrated processes at the back end. Hence, this requires identification of these manual activities at the very beginning.Below are a few manual activities that agents come across as a part of their work routine that can be replaced by automation at back end offices:1) Accounting and ReportingSince allocating revenues via account is a comparatively easier, it still stands apart from costs. Why costs? Because it is difficult to calculate the cost of sales for various accounts depending upon the efforts. Consider finding out the number of hours invested in the account every month and then capturing it in spreadsheets. How about reporting exact cost and analyzing the profitability of individual accounts? Manually tracking payments, commissions and booking revenue is a complex and time consuming task that is prone to errors. Hence, using an effective Travel Agency Software for on-time reporting and calculating costs without much manpower/manual work can be a good decision. Here, making use of technology will reduce the manpower required and also the manual errors.2) Business Intelligence related Travel Account ServicesProviding progressive travel pattern reports, travel policy compliances, etc., can add to the travel agents’ business value but, it surely involves a lot of manual work. This further increases the labour expense and results in the insignificant stage of poor competitiveness, thereby leading to loss of revenue. Hence, automation of the back end office is a must to reduce down the labour cost and enhancing productivity, reducing time consumption through its integrated applications.3) Business Rules and Revenue ManagementTravel Agencies work with a wide range of customers, agents and suppliers. They vary in terms of type, location, size, booking etc and require separate business rules, such as markups and margins based on predefined criteria for effective revenue management. Traditional processes demand the manual application of these business rules for each transaction and on multiple entities.Let’s say you have different markups for flights and hotels and you also have a commission structure for sub-agents based on the number of bookings they make. Every time you or your sub-agent makes a booking, you need to manually apply the relevant markup depending on whether it’s a flight booking, a hotel booking or a car booking. You’ll also need to calculate the commissions you need to pay your sub-agent, based on their class. If you do b2c then you may even have to apply an additional markup based on the customer class.If you do 5-10 bookings a month, it may not be such a big problem but if you do hundred odd bookings a month or more, doing all of this manually for each booking can become extremely time-consuming and prone to errors. A Travel Agency System can automate this process and save you a lot of time and manpower cost. You just have to configure the policies once and the system will automatically apply them on every booking.4) Supplier and Agent CommissionsCalculation of commissions of sub-agents and vendors or suppliers such as airlines, hotels, car rental agencies, etc. can get too confusing against the total revenue generated. A sophisticated travel ERP can help in calculating outstanding commissions, release payments and notify accounts of remaining or due amounts.5) Last Minute Itinerary ChangesCorporate travel accounts often make changes to the travel plans at the last moment. Hence, customizing it manually every single time is a tedious job that makes dealing with corporate accounts less flexible for travel agents. Through an automated integrated system at the back end, travel agents can flexibly make changes in travel plans without compromising on the time. This will help in managing account relationships in a better manner and not losing out on implementing last minute changes.How can you Automate your Back Office?A Travel ERP is designed to provide integrated applications that work for front office as well as back office business processes. A majority of departments or processes in an organization comprises of payroll, HR and accounting.Likewise, ERPs have the capability to render these roles effectively through their primary software applications that can help the travel agents in having standardized processes and thereby reducing the cost to company/agents. Common data structures/models and standardized processes are the most important values these ERPs can add to the back office of agents. It is because of lack of one or both of these aspects, the manual activities are carried out in non-integrated systems.Through common data structures, the information can be collated and drafted once and can be updated or customized at individual levels as per the requirement, thereby adding flexibility to the processes and hence, reporting of information or data becomes an easy task every day.Business intelligence is the need of the hour for the travel agents in order to have a systematic and structured flow of work processes such as accounting and payroll where the flow of information needs to be smooth.Travel agents need to understand how travel management can be simplified through automation of back end office by replacing manual work activities with software applications that bring down the frequency of committing manual mistakes.Investment on automation software or dedicated ERPs for travel agents is a one time investment that can resolve manpower issues and management issues of the travel agents.Considering the recent evolution of travel and tourism industry, there has been a sudden spurt in the competitive nature of the travel industry, which demands bold investments and result oriented functions to be brought in place for increased efficiency.